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Tips to Manage Migraine Pain

Migraines & Tips to Manage Pain

All headaches can be painful and disruptive, but the severe pain and nausea of migraines is the most debilitating. If you suffer from migraines, you are not alone—an estimated 1 billion people worldwide have them. While there is no cure for migraines yet, here are some tips to help you manage the pain and to help prevent or treat your next attack.

In this post:

  • What is a migraine and what are the most common symptoms
  • What causes or triggers migraines
  • How to know if you’re having a migraine
  • Migraine treatment, dos and don’ts
  • How to manage your migraine symptoms
  • Migraine medicine toolkit

Migraines

Migraines are a neurological disorder (classified as a disabling illness) caused by nerve activity and changes in the levels of chemicals in the brain. They are characterised by recurring episodes, once a month or more, of moderate to severe, throbbing headaches on the front or side of the head that usually last from 4 to 72 hours if left untreated.

Common types

Symptoms

Not everyone experiences the same symptoms during a migraine episode—in fact, symptoms can vary wildly.

Some of the most common symptoms are:

Wondering if you are having a migraine or just a headache? People describe headaches, usually referring to tension headaches, as a dull ache or pressure around the forehead, temples, or back of the head, as opposed to a migraine which is more often described as a throbbing or pulsing pain on one side of the head.

The acronym POUND is a helpful tool to help you identify if you are having a migraine or not. If you have more than one of the ‘POUND’ symptoms you’re having a migraine.

POUND symptoms

Causes & triggers

The exact cause of migraines is not fully understood, but it is likely a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors that can be different for everyone, and can be triggered by a variety of things, including:

Women are 4x more likelythan men to experience migraines.

Migraine dos & don’ts

One of the most effective ways to avoid pain is to prevent migraines before they start. To do so, you need to identify your triggers and take steps such as these to avoid them:

DoDon’t
Stay indoorsSmoke
Keep a ‘migraine diary’ to track your triggersEat foods containing MSG
Stay hydratedDrink fermented beverages
Maintain a regular sleep scheduleDrink too much caffeine
Manage stressBe around very loud noise
Exercise regularlyWear perfume
Consider migraine prevention medicationForget to take your migraine medication

Migraine pain management

Managing pain symptoms can be different for everyone and how you manage them will depend on their severity. But here are some of the most common ways to treat or relieve migraine pain once it starts:

Migraine medicine tool kit
For most migraine sufferers, we recommend you have the following over-the-counter (OTC) or shop medicines on hand:
Nurofen Express Max Strength 400mg - 20 Liquid Capsules

Nurofen Express Max Strength 400mg – 20 Liquid Capsules

Nurofen Express Max Strenght capsules contain the active ingredient ibuprofen to alleviate pains and discomforts while also assisting in the reduction of inflammation and swelling. It is an ideal choice for individuals who experience various types of everyday pain, such as headaches, toothaches, or backaches.

Alka-Seltzer XS - 20 Effervescent Tablets

Alka-Seltzer XS – 20 Effervescent Tablets

Alka-Seltzer XS Effervescent Tablets provide fast and effective relief from a range of common pain symptoms.

Migraleve Pink - 24 Tablets

Migraleve Pink – 24 Tablets

Migraleve Pink tablets are a medication specifically designed for the treatment of migraines and headache relief. 

Buccastem M Buccal - 8 Tablets

Buccastem M Buccal – 8 Tablets

Buccastem M Buccal tablets alleviate sensations of nausea or vomiting, specifically resulting from migraines.

4Head Effective Headache Relief Stick - 3.6g

4Head Effective Headache Relief Stick – 3.6g

4Head Effective Headache Relief Stick is a great way to alleviate headache discomfort without having to take pills. To use it, directly apply the stick on the forehead. The active ingredient in 4Head Effective Headache Relief Stick is levomenthol.

Main takeaways

  • Migraines are a neurological disorder.
  • Migraine symptoms vary wildly but are most often described as a throbbing or pulsing pain on one side of the head.
  • Migraines affect women 4 times more than men.
  • Avoid triggers and treat pain symptoms early with prescription or over-the-counter migraine medications.

References

Parastoo, A., et al (2021). Front Neurol. Migraine: A Review on Its History, Global Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Comorbidities

Tarannum, l. et al (2015). Headache. Accuracy of Family History Reports of Migraine in a Community-Based Family Study of Migraine

Rossi, M.F., et al (2022). Neurol Sci. Sex and gender differences in migraines: a narrative review

PillSorted

PillSorted is a full service pharmacy that delivers trusted pharmacy products, over-the counter medications, and the prescriptions your doctor recommends for your migraine or headache treatment, directly to your door. Your PillSorted pharmacist is happy to answer your questions about migraine diagnosis and treatments at 033 4050380 or help@pillsorted.com.

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